How to plan open-plan rooms to ensure good acoustics

What to consider when planning open-plan spaces

To create a good sound environment in an open-plan room it's necessary to consider both:

It's also important to consider how the acoustic planning will affect the propagation of sound.

Speech the most disturbing factor in open-plan rooms

The main acoustic source of disturbance in an open-plan area is usually speech. It is therefore important that people who need to communicate sit near each other while, at the same time, different work groups must be separated acoustically to not disturb each other. 

   
Factors to consider...

...when planning an open-plan area:

  • location of work stations
  • choice of absorbent ceiling
  • design of furnishings (furniture, screens, wall absorbers)
  • silent work areas
  • floor surface
  • work methodology and technical aids
  • background noise
   

The ceiling reduce SPL and increase the rate of SPL decrease over distance.Benefits of acoustic ceilings in open-plan areas

To achieve acceptable acoustic conditions in an open-plan area, a sound-absorbing ceiling is a must.

To achieve the best possible acoustic effect the ceiling must have a high absorbation factor and be installed at as low level as possible. 

The figure shows that an acoustical ceiling:

  • reduces the sound level
  • increases the reduction in sound level over distance

This also means a shorter required distance between work stations in order to achieve an acceptable sound level (i.e. a speech level that does not disturb or distract). 

Sound absorbing ceilings improve the function of screens

An absorbent ceiling in an open plan area will also improve the function of screens and other screening furnishings.

The degree to which a ceiling improves the effect of screens can be classified in an AC value (Articulation Class). The AC value is determined in accordance with ASTM E 1110 (2001). 

For an office ceiling, the AC value should be at least 180.

Sound absorbing ceilings improve the function of screens

 

Characterisation of sound propagation

To characterise the sound’s propagation, there are descriptors that describe how much sound that diminishes per doubling of distance.

The descriptor DL2 (measured in dB) states the gradient of the sound propagation curve.

Another descriptor DLf (also measured in dB) states how the sound level at a certain distance behaves in relation to the sound level at the same distance in a free sound field, i.e. without reflecting objects.

By increasing the DL2 value and simultaneously reducing the DLf value, the distance to the place where the sound level is no longer disturbing will have decreased.

Watch our explanatory animations below to learn more.

 How to describe sound propagation

DL2

 

 


DLf

 

 

 

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Box 500 
SE 265 03 Hyllinge

Phone: +46 42 17 99 00 
Fax: +46 42 22 59 29

Deliveries at: 
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Contact us

Ecophon Group Head office

Saint-Gobain Ecophon AB 
Box 500 
SE 265 03 Hyllinge

Phone: +46 42 17 99 00 
Fax: +46 42 22 59 29

Deliveries at: 
Yttervägen SE 265 75 Hyllinge

Ecophon Worldwide Contacts

Follow us: Facebook / YouTube / Twitter / LinkedIn