Research to achieve sustainable workplaces

15 % less cognitive stress for office workers in real-life study

           

Ecophon and the Stress Research Institute in Stockholm conducted a unique study in a real-life office environment to examine how sound affects people in open plan offices.

The aim was to see how the ceiling’s properties affect workers’ health, productivity and the perceived disturbance.

And the result was clear - a better sound environment significantly improves work effectiveness :

  • 30% less disturbance in general
  • 29% less disturbance at close range
  • 22% less disturbance at long range
  • 15% less cognitive stress

A unique set-up

The design of the study is unique in its kind due to the fact that:

  • The study is a field study carried out in real-life conditions, whereas most other studies of sound environments are carried out in controlled conditions. A field study can produce significantly more credible results since psychological factors are taken into account.*

  • The study is based on a cross over design that involved two different control groups. The same results were observed within both control groups.


The study was divided into
three phases:

   

About the study

The study was set up on two floors of Sundbyberg City Hall near Stockholm.

The floors were virtually identical with the same layout, furnishings and the same number of work stations with people performing similar tasks.

The ceiling was equipped with sound absorbers with Articulation Class 190.

151 employees took part in the study.

   
     
 

Image from the Sundbyberg office. 
View more images
 

 

 

1. Preparations of the sound environment

On the weekend prior to the study, the sound environments on the two floors were changed without the workers’ knowledge:

  • On the 4th floor, the already good sound environment was improved by installing wall absorbers.
  • On the 5th floor, half of the ceiling absorbers were replaced with hard, sound-reflecting panels with lower sound absorption capacity.

 

 
 

2. Switching better to worse and vice versa

After three weeks, the sound conditions were switched between the floors during the weekend when no employees were present.

  • The 4th floor, which initially had a good sound environment, was switched to a worse sound environment. The wall absorbers were removed and the ceiling was replaced with hard reflective panels.
  • On the 5th floor, the sound conditions on were improved by re-installing the high quality ceiling and wall absorbers.

 

 

3. Switching the acoustics back again

After three weeks, we switched back again, which meant that:

  • The 4th floor went back to having a good sound environment.
  • The 5th floor was switched back to a worse sound environment.
 


Distance of comfort

The acoustics in the work environment were measured several times throughout the study, following the guidelines in ISO 3382-3. In this way, the employees’ comfort distance was measured.

The study showed that people are strongly affected by 
the sound environment in open plan offices. In terms
of comfort distance, there was a clear difference
in terms of speech spread:

The comfort distance was 35% less
on the floor with better acoustics.

 

 


Perceived disturbance in general

The improved sound conditions also resulted in a 30% reduction in perceived disturbance in general. The same pattern was observed on both floors.

The central bar (T2) shows the improved and the worsened sound conditions.

 = Floor 4   = Floor 5

 
Level of disturbance

Test periods

Perceived disturbance at close range

The study showed a 29% reduction in disturbance at close range with the improved sound environment. The same pattern was observed on both floors, although to different degrees.

The central bar (T2) shows the improved and the worsened sound conditions.


 = Floor 4   = Floor 5 

 
Level of disturbance

Test periods

Perceived disturbance at long range

There was 22% reduction in disturbance at long range with the improved sound conditions.

The central bar (T2) shows the improved and the worsened sound conditions.


 = Floor 4   = Floor 5 

   
Level of 
disturbance
Test periods
 

Perceived cognitive stress

The study also showed that the improved sound conditions lead to a 15% reduction of cognitive stress.

The central bar (T2) shows the improved and the worsened sound conditions.


 = Floor 4   = Floor 5 

   
Level of disturbance

Test periods

Read the full report

The study was conducted in collaboration with the Stress Research Institute in Stockholm under the leadership of Aram Seddigh, PhD, in Sundbyberg City Hall in the spring 2014. The study results were published in the Journal of Environmental Psychology in September 2015.

Read and download the full report on www.sciencedirect.com

         
   

 

The Stress Research Institute is a national knowledge center focusing on stress reactions, sleep and health.

The Institute is part of the Faculty of Social Sciences at Stockholm University.

 

   

 




*Dr Nigel Oseland is one of the world’s leading workplace consultants. His studies of psycoacoustics shows that psychological factors have a greater effect than the sound itself.

For this reason, sound environments and the effects of changes made in a room must be studied in real office environments. 

Otherwise the study risks missing the factors that have the strongest effect.

 

 

Contact us

 

Phone:   +27 (0)12 657 2958/652 7004
E-mail:  

Daryl.Coull@saint-gobain.com

Address:  

Saint-Gobain Ecophon AB
P.O Box 50416
Randjiesfontein,1683 Samrand
South Africa

Deliveries at:
1 Shale Road
N1 Business Park Intersection Old Johannesburg
Road and Tlokwa Street Kosmodal, Centurion 
South Africa

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Contact us

 

Phone:   +27 (0)12 657 2958/652 7004
E-mail:  

Daryl.Coull@saint-gobain.com

Address:  

Saint-Gobain Ecophon AB
P.O Box 50416
Randjiesfontein,1683 Samrand
South Africa

Deliveries at:
1 Shale Road
N1 Business Park Intersection Old Johannesburg
Road and Tlokwa Street Kosmodal, Centurion 
South Africa